Flight Control of the High Altitude Wind Power System
, TU Delft
June 1st, 2007
Closed loop Laddermill flight control problem is considered in this paper. Laddermill is a high altitude kites system for energy production. The kites have been simulated as rigid bodies and the cable as a thin elastic line. Euler angles and cable speed are controls. Flight control is written as a fusion of two approaches: design of experiments and stochastic optimization. Such combination ensures finding global optimum for any reasonable number of parameters and objectives in a reasonable time while also collecting some information about sensitivities – these two features are much harder to achieve by other means. Robustness has been formulated as an additional objective. We found the system very steady despite big variations of wind velocity. The resulting optimal trajectories can be also used as a first iteration for open loop control algorithms.